THE MOST IMPORTANT SURVIVAL SKILLS THAT EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW


Wild places are one of the most stunning looking places in the world where you can go, explore and enjoy the beauty of mother nature. But wilderness hides much danger, that we should all be aware of and take it seriously.

If you are getting ready for a trip into the wilderness, a camping, hiking or any outdoor activities these are the skills that you should know if you find yourself in an emergency situation.

BE READY AND PREPARED

Whenever you are about to step into the wilderness, have a mindset that you can expect anything. Be aware that wilderness belongs to wildlife and you are in their natural environment. You have to be cautious. Do some reading and research about the animals and surroundings, equip yourself with maps, compass, and other camping essentials.

THE MOST IMPORTANT SURVIVAL SKILLS THAT EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW

Photo by Toomas Tartes on Unsplash

 

KNOW HOW TO SEND A SURVIVAL SIGNAL

It is really good to know how to attract attention with a survival signal to help rescuers find you.  You can use a torch and SOS red light, fire or whistle, sometimes even mirror or anything that reflects. The traditional way to give a help signal is 3 of anything, sticks for the fire in a triangle, blast three times in whistle...

KNOW HOW TO PERFORM FIRST AID

Being injured in the wilderness is surely the worst worst-case scenario. Expecting the best is great but being prepared for the worst is better and smarter.

Cuts and wounds can get very infected and lead to more serious conditions. Clean the wound and bandage it properly. For fractures or dislocations, you will need to find a couple of sticks and shoelaces or rope to create a splint. Stabilize the fractured bone with the sticks, then tie them together with the shoelaces to hold the brace in place. Unless you are a medical professional, do not try to reset a broken bone, as you could potentially make the fracture even more severe.

KNOW HOW TO BUILD A SURVIVAL SHELTER

If you do not have a tent in your pack, you will need a way to stay protected from the elements. After all, the danger and risk in an emergency can be compounded by cold, rain, snow, or even a thick fog if you don’t have a shelter to protect yourself from your surroundings. You will need to build a survival shelter.  If possible, find a campsite that is dry, flat, and not right next to a body of water.  Avoid valleys and paths where water may flow toward you. There are many types of natural shelters in the wilderness, such as caves, hollow stumps, and logs that can be useful however be careful and inspect well as it might be used by some predators.

KNOW HOW TO START A FIRE

There are many advantages to knowing how to start a fire in the wilderness.  Having a fire will keep you warm, boil your water, cook your food, and dry your clothes. The heat from a fire can keep us from dying of hypothermia. It warms our bodies and dries wet clothes. Heat is also essential to kill parasites and bacteria in raw meat. Light from a fire can be used for signaling at night, as can the smoke from a fire during the day. The light from a fire illuminates the dark which helps keep wild animals away. Smoke from a fire can also be used to smoke raw meats, an ancient method of food preservation. Smoke also can help protect you from of the biggest killer of them all, the mosquitos.

Did you know that you can start a fire with nearly anything, such as eyeglasses, a bottle of water, cell phone battery, and sticks???  There are many tips and tricks. The best idea is to have a firestarter kit, such as a lighter, matches, flint and steel, on hand when you’re out adventuring.  Remember, these items will be of no use to you unless you are prepared with the knowledge of starting a fire.  So be sure to practice fire starting in different weather conditions with different habitats.  Note that dry dead grass and branches work 10x better than freshly plucked greenery and will save you both time and energy. The only time you want to use any kind of green vegetation on fire is if you are trying to create smoke signals. And even then, you want to get a good fire going with dry wood first and then put the greenery above it.

KNOW HOW TO FIND AND PURIFY WATER.

Many survival blogs suggest that an average person can survive for somewhere from two days to a week without liquids, but that's a rough estimate at best it can vary from the heat and can be shortened to even hours. Staying hydrated is extremely important. Nothing is more important in a survival situation than having suitable drinking water. Let's hope that you will not have to drink your own urine or dead camels stomach products like Bear Grylls. However, if you ever get lost in the Sahara or any other desert it good you have this in your mind as well :)

Assuming you are not in another environment, where there is water, note this. Just because the water looks clear and clean doesn’t mean that it is safe to drink.  Most of the time rain, snow, and dew are reliable sources of clean water that don’t need to be purified. Or underground water that flows through rocks. However, the best way is to be 100 percent sure. You can boil the water which is effective in killing pathogens. Another option would be chemical purification using tablets, iodine, or chlorine bleach. And the best way we suggest is getting a water filter - Life Straw that you can use and directly drink with it from streams, lakes, rivers, ponds or dirty water puddles as it filters water for you. It kills up to 99.9% of all waterborne bacteria and parasites, it can l filter up to 1,000 liters of water without the use of chemicals.

 KNOW HOW TO FIND FOOD YOURSELF

If your survival situation lasts for days or weeks, you will have to be able to find food for yourself. The best place to look is near water. If you have something you can use as a fishing line and hook, you’re near a body of water, and you’ve got some time, this is probably your best option for finding high-protein safe-to-eat food. Trapping or hunting are other options, as hunting can make you waste your energy in search of the animals. If you have the ability to fashion a weapon by sharpening a long sturdy stick, you can use that tool to spear small game or fish. Trapping is a better option and there are a number of different small survival traps you can make out in the wild using just the materials you have on you and stuff from your surroundings. While it takes patience and some skill to build a trap and use it to catch a meal, it will also cost you far fewer calories than actively hunting for food. There are many eatable plants that you can use but be highly cautious as there are plenty of poisonous ones that get take you to the grave. We suggest you get familiar with you surrounding before stepping into it and get some good guide for eatable plants.

KNOW HOW TO NAVIGATE AND READ A COMPASS

When you are lost in the forest, it can be frightening to find your way out if you don’t have a GPS, map, and compass, plus good navigation skills.  In a pinch, you can easily find north, south, east and west using a stick, two small stones, and the sun.  No matter what method you use, good navigation skills are what will help get you back to safety. Here are some of the tips

Finding a high point in the surrounding land is probably the simplest way and a good starting point to see where you need to go.

Barring the extreme North and South Poles,  it’s not a perfect system, but it is certainly better than nothing. There’s also a simple trick to make this easier: take a long stick and push it into the ground so that it stands up on its own. Then, make a marking in the dirt where the tip of the stick’s shadow is. Wait a few minutes and check to see in which direction the shadow has moved – that general direction is east.

Follow water and you will end up in Civilization. If you can find a river – follow the flow. Chances are you will come across other people at some point, so long as you aren’t completely off the grid. Even if you don’t immediately find your way back, you’ll at least have a decent source of drinkable liquid in the case that you remain lost. If you’re lucky enough to carry a water bottle with you, you can also fill it up before venturing off.

Bring a compass. Even the most basic understanding of the device (one side of the needle always points north) can help in a survival situation. Of course, reading a compass also helps if you’ve got a map to reference, but it’s still entirely useful if you don’t. The greatest benefit of a compass is that it will continue to work when your other technology doesn’t – and that makes it more reliable.

LEARN TO TIE SOME BASIC KNOTS

This is an absolutely underrated skill set, not just for survival, but for a number of different leisurely or sporting activities, including sailing (or, more generally, boating), camping, rock climbing, and more. And the applications can be incredibly helpful in a survival situation. It can help with securing hunting traps, fishing line, bandages, survival shelters, and will play a part in pretty much every other skill on this list.

At the very least, you’ll want to know how to tie a clove hitch, square, and bowline. A bowline knot, also known as the "king of knots," is one of the most useful knots in the world. It is a type of "loop" knot that tightens more with any increase in pressure on the loop.  The bowline is useful for hanging items, such as food and survival gear, from tree limbs.  Spend some time practicing tying a bowline knot so you are well prepared to use it.

AND BEST ADVICE FOR ANY ADVENTURER IS KNOW YOUR LIMITATIONS AND SKILLS, DO NOT TAKE MORE THAN YOU CAN SWALLOW. BE CAUTIOUS AND SMART AND RESPECT NATURE AND WILDLIFE.

IF YOU KNOW ANY USEFUL SURVIVAL TIPS OR TRICKS FEEL FREE TO SHARE IT BY COMMENTING BELOW

 

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